Category Archives: Climate Change

Consensus is explosive

I strongly believe in the Globally Harmonized System (GHS)  as a means of Hazard Communication to properly inform consumers and end users of the hazards related to the chemicals they use.

ALL chemicals are toxic and hazardous depending on the concentration, the condition it is used and the acts of the end user towards that chemical. Water whose chemical name is H2O has claimed lives through its volume or have drowned persons and damaged properties.

I went back to graduate school in 2016 to study occupational health and industrial hygiene to know more, because I find my skill on OHSAS 18001 too shallow. It is my own intent and my own effort to do so and not a corporate interest  or regulatory requirement.  Being involved in climate change mitigation particularly F-gas control was an added bonus and I have started to love what I do,  until I have to work on my indicator on standards development for low GWP refrigerants for my own country.

IEC 60335-2-24 was easy, no complications, HFC 134a is generally expected to be replaced by HC 600a, extremely low GWP, no ODP, unpatented, natural but then… IEC 60335-2-40 came with the extremely influential global chemical companies even, supported by some development organizations.

Latest J7 pro 610Patents are at stake for Methylene fluoride, Hydrofluorolefins, and other synthetically developed substances and alternatives. I didn’t expect that it would come to this point that changes in a specific hazard symbol are proposed, overtaking and disregarding the GHS.  All chemicals are hazardous regardless of its flammability.  Remember flammability is not the only concern and that speck of light is not part of the globally accepted symbols for hazard communication. ghs-pictograms2-700x694 It was proposed that work on the specific product comes first before work on the globally harmonized system? Because another standard had mentioned, the product standard would be the utmost priority over vertical standards. Or is it a means to mask the actual hazard of a substance.  This is totally unacceptable, Yet we are being forced by corporate interests to be in unsafe conditions and perform unsafe acts by downgrading hazard communication symbols to stupidity.

 

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Filed under Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, GHG Mitigation Effort, Quality, Health, Safety & Environment, Sustainability

Colder Greenwash!

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I love writing about greenwashing, but I really really hate the fact that its happening in the Philippines. Been doing this since 2009 and not much progress, I guess.  Ecolabeling is purely voluntary but greenwashing is rampant everywhere, it makes me cringe. I wish I could do something about it in my own little way which is to inform consumers, but my personal resources are so limited.

I would just like to highlight the fact that this sticker’s claim that it is environment-friendly is a blatant lie.  Upon examination of the refrigerating equipment nameplate, the refrigerant used is HFC-134a, a climate damaging hydrofluorocarbon with global warming potential that is 1,300 times more potent than carbon dioxide. The ozone depletion potential may have been addressed but this equipment is causing Global Warming!

What could be the coldest greenwash, I will encounter soon?

 

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Filed under Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, Environmental Audit, Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Management System, GHG Mitigation Effort, Greenwash, Pollution Control, Sustainability

Thank you for welcoming me to your world

 

After all these years working in conformity assessment, I finally had the time to get to know IEC in the Philippines. Thank you for the welcome, it was nice to see how these things work, I totally appreciate your support. It makes the work a lot easier given your passion and drive.  With the significance of IEC standards in refrigeration and air conditioning energy performance and safety and  add those other electrical and electronic equipment I encounter daily, I could not help but think what makes something I use safe and efficient, moreover mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

The 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recognizes that the adoption of standards can provide an effective framework for undertaking climate change mitigation. Though the work was not really focused on climate change but on safety and efficiency of new and emerging technologies in electrical and electronic equipment and systems, the work does have concrete emission reduction potential.

Though the potential to  mitigate GHG emissions was not the intent, slowly these guys recognize the significance of the Paris Agreements and how the energy sector is now relying on improved energy efficiency as a major climate action to meet the goals in the Nationally Determined Contributions.

As of now…there’s more work to do.

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Filed under Career Notes, Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, GHG Mitigation Effort, Greenwash, Pollution Control, Quality, Health, Safety & Environment, Sustainability

The importance of equipment nameplates in enhancing transparency in climate reporting

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I am excited to host my first technical committee meeting on IEC 60335-2-40. It is in technical committees such as these where the initial steps for manufacturers are made before finally casting  into steel the claims for their equipment. Often these claims contains information on the greenhouse gas emissions from the equipment during operations based on test and performance validation results.

I  guess I have issued over a hundred audit findings related to equipment nameplates. Nonconformities ranging from content mismatch with environmental permits to physical damage to the nameplate during routine maintenance (painting, etching or losing its entirety).

With climate change as a pressing issue of global importance, I believe that its also high time for us to give a high regard for equipment nameplates. Who reads nameplates anyway?

GHG verifiers are trained to read equipment nameplates with an assumption that the nameplate rating is the best record of measure of the performance of the equipment. However, nameplate ratings are still estimates based on the accuracy and precision of the performance validation tests and a certain degree of uncertainty is still involved in the nameplate rating. Moreover, a weak test validation system can allow manufacturers to make false claims, to the point of permanently etching it on the nameplate, but global good practice and intense conformity assessments make this practice outright dishonesty.

Every now and then, I would randomly look into appliance nameplates more than the other marks such as marketing stickers or even regulatory labels. Nameplates are a good ballpark estimate of the carbon footprint of the equipment.

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Filed under Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, Environmental Audit, Environmental Impact Assessment, GHG Mitigation Effort, Greenwash, Random

The complicated world of technology transfer for climate change

Its been seven years already since I came across my first technology transfer project on climate change mitigation.  Anaerobic biodigesters at that time, was seen as a major force in methane capture and waste to energy as part of the Clean Development Mechanism or CDM.  The Philippines was seen as having a very large potential due to the widespread practice of microscale pig farmers which is embedded in our Filipino culture. Also, the concept and projects have taken off in Thailand and had been earning enough from emission trading schemes.

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So what happened after seven years? Not much really but of course there was the camaraderie developed among the trainers and project implementers.  Though the funding from the US EPA has somewhat died down.

When a technology is transferred, how do you sustain it? How do you localize it, how do you make it a point everyone will work on it with a common goal in mind?

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Filed under Climate Change, GHG Mitigation Effort, Pollution Control, Renewable Energy and Biofuels, Sustainability

I didn’t learn politics from school

This is the best time to write about Gina Lopez. She has been my favorite subject matter for a few years now ever since that fateful first impression at the Development Academy of the Philippines seven years ago.  “What is DAP?” she haughtily asked, that bravado kind of turned us off,  given her limited knowledge of those working for a government think thank.  How come she doesn’t know what we do, what is our purpose and mandate. I think that meeting was merely using the facilities of DAP. We were looking for funding and we were thinking she would be a good benefactor for sustainable development projects and policies.

I have no idea what was the outcome of that meeting but fast forward to 2017, we meet again at the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.  I’m writing this at my temporary space at the DENR compound a few days after her rejection by the commission of appointments as DENR Secretary.

Her leadership approach was totally unconventional but at the end of it all what can we learn from it?  I have encountered people from the entire spectrum of for and against her, I don’t want to comment on that, I respect their stance.  The last blog I wrote on her was the fact that people compare me to her given my educational background in environmental science. I remember my early years in UPLB when former classmates perceive our presence in the university as merely farming, similar to that, environmentalists are like Gina Lopez, which is totally stereotypical.

How about people who have worked all of their lives at the DENR, particularly the Environmental Management Bureau, are they environmentalists, or are just government employees working for the environment. The public will judge not only Gina, but the DENR itself, but after her 10-month stints, some thing will totally change  drastically.

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Filed under Biodiversity, Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, Environmental Management System, Greenwash, Pollution Control, Random, Sustainability

Cool Greenwashing

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Which planet are you trying to save? I believe we only have one earth.

My last post in my other blog Fast Food Greenwash was posted last October 7, 2012.  I haven’t seemed to access that blog for a quite a while since I haven’t had any work related to the fast food industry or they say “quick-serve restaurant” for quite a while.  Thankfully, I only eat fast food during emergency like when stuck in Metro Manila traffic and starving as hell  in my 3-hour commute.

2009 was a long time ago when I started blogging about Greenwashing and now that its 2007, things are getting worse and worse. Given the age of climate change mitigation actions, and the complicated rules of calculating GHG emissions, companies are playing around with  the carbon footprint and stamping it in their products and marketing materials. Anyway, I will write something about it separately.

In 2016, I had the opportunity to work for a GIZ  project on Green Cooling. The programme has been around for quite a while, since the enforcement of the Montreal Protocol on the control of substances that deplete the Ozone Layer more than two decades ago. Honestly, I have to admit, prior to this engagement, I have not connected Ozone Depletion with Climate Change even if  I have claimed expertise in environmental management.

ODS have always been treated independently from GHGs.  A “True or False”  question in my GHG verification course in 2011 even asked if Ozone Depletion causes Climate Change, of course the answer was false. Simply, Ozone Depletion is caused by Ultraviolet Radiation entering the atmosphere while Climate Change is caused by the trapping of heat from Infrared Radiation.  Who cares about UV and IR Radiation when all we see is White Light? What is true considering human activities was that prior solutions to ozone depletion have contributed to increased greenhouse gas emissions.

This is a truly complicated concept that has led to well… Greenwashing, particularly in refrigeration and air conditioning. Ok sell us the fridge and A/C, just get that “Eco-Friendly” sticker off.

Honestly, when I buy an A/C, I consider the price.  I don’t really look at the nameplate. But if you really want to be “ecofriendly” look at the nameplate. Why? Because that’s where you will find the rated capacity in terms of energy consumption and the refrigerant type.  Looking at the nameplate is not equivalent to looking at the bright and colorful stickers manufacturers place that are colorful and bright. Your attention is directed upon their “Greenwashing”.

The fact is, the Montreal Protocol has set the cap for ODS refrigerants and parties are directed to replace it with ODS alternatives….and these ODS alternatives are  high GWP GHGs….why did this happen?  Because, Ozone Depletion have always been treated independent of Climate Change?  except in 2016 when the Kigali Amendments to the Montreal Protocol was agreed upon.

Below are four nameplates of various cooling appliances, can you guess which one is the most eco-friendly?

 

 

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Filed under Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, Environmental Audit, GHG Mitigation Effort, Greenwash, Random, Sustainability